Avril 23, 2012
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Home > Recherches sur l’anarchisme > Histoires de l’anarchisme : Portraits et Activités des Individus et des (…) > par pays > Russie (ex-Union soviétique) > 1917-1921 URSS: Histoire > The Black Guards

A short account of the Anarchist Black Guards and their suppression by the Bolsheviks in Moscow in 1918

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Many Russian anarchists were totally opposed to the institutionalisation of the Red Guards, fighting units that had been created by factory workers in the course of the February and October Revolutions. Indeed Rex A. Wade in his book on the Red Guards points to the strong anarchist input and influence in the Red Guards in the initial phase of the Revolution. Relations between the anarchists and the Bolsheviks had started to deteriorate after the October Revolution, and anarchist delegates to the 2nd Congress of Soviets in December 1917 accused Lenin and his party of red militarism, and that the commissars were only in power at the point of a bayonet. As a result in Moscow, Petrograd and other main centres they made a concerted attempt to set up free fighting units that they called the Black Guard. In 1917 detachments of Black Guards had been set up in the Ukraine, including by Makhno. Nikolai Zhelnesnyakov as to flee Petrograd after the Bolsheviks attempted to arrest him and set up a large group of the Black Guard in the Ukraine. Other Black Guard detachments operating in the Ukraine were led by Mokrousov, Garin with his armoured train, Anatolii Zhelesnyakov, the younger brother of Nikolai, and the detachment led by Seidel and Zhelyabov which defended Odessa and Nikolaev. Another Black Guard detachment was led by Mikhail Chernyak, later active in the Makhnovist counterintelligence. In Vyborg near Petrograd, anarchist workers at the Russian Renault factory set up a Black Guard but it soon merged with a Red Guard that had been created at the factory at the same time.


View online : Submitted by Battlescarred on Jan 6 2011 23:10 to Libcom.org. Read all


Sources :

Skirda, A., Les Anarchistes russes, les soviets et la Révolution de 1917, éd. de Paris-Max Chaleil, Paris,

2000.

Voline, La Révolution inconnue, Belfond, Paris, 1969.

Wade, Rex A., Red Guards and Workers’ Militias in the Russian Revolution, Stanford Univ. Pr., Stanford, 1984.

Maximov, G., The True Reasons for the Anarchist Raids (Moscow 1918)

Dubovik, A., The Defeat of the Moscow anarchists

[The murder of Mikhail Sergeyevich Khodounov->http://www.katesharpleylibrary.net/8kpsdr


To cite this page:
The Black Guards,
What’s new: 3 April 2012. [Online].
http://raforum.info/spip.php?article6564
[Accessed on 27 August 2016]



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Sources :

Skirda, A., Les Anarchistes russes, les soviets et la Révolution de 1917, éd. de Paris-Max Chaleil, Paris,

2000.

Voline, La Révolution inconnue, Belfond, Paris, 1969.

Wade, Rex A., Red Guards and Workers’ Militias in the Russian Revolution, Stanford Univ. Pr., Stanford, 1984.

Maximov, G., The True Reasons for the Anarchist Raids (Moscow 1918)

Dubovik, A., The Defeat of the Moscow anarchists

[The murder of Mikhail Sergeyevich Khodounov->http://www.katesharpleylibrary.net/8kpsdr


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